The Kibbutz: Israel’s collective utopia

Founded in the early 20th century, these collective settlements helped shape Israel’s identity.

Based on the idea that everything – from food to children – should be shared, the young immigrants who set up the first kibbutzim threw out the old European way of living and sought to create a system of complete equality.

It was a totally radical concept, but without it, Israel would be a very different place today.

But why were the kibbutzim founded, how did they work (did they work?) and what is left (if anything) of these communal utopias?

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