Founded in the early 20th century, these collective settlements helped shape the Israel’s identity.
Based on the idea that everything – from food to children – should be shared, the young immigrants who set up the first kibbutzim threw out the old European way of living and sought to create a system of complete equality.
It was a totally radical concept, but without it, Israel would be a very different place today.
But why were the kibbutzim founded, how did they work (did they work?) and what is left (if anything) of these communal utopias?