Last-minute checklist for Purim

Everything you’ll need to celebrate the Jewish “Festival of Lots”
Jewish children celebrating the spring festival of Purim (Lots). It is marked by the festive reading in the synagogue of the Megillah. (Photo by Barry/Getty Images)

Purim (which means “Lots” in Persian) is one of the most festive and joyous occasions of the year. Are you ready for this raucous celebration of the story of Esther? As always, we’ve got you covered with this handy checklist.

(When is Purim 2022? This year, Purim starts the evening of Wednesday, March 16 and ends the evening of Thursday, March 17.)

Jewish family walks down the street during the annual Jewish holiday of Purim on March 10, 2020 in London, England. Purim is celebrated by Jewish communities around the world with parades and costume parties. Purim commemorates the defeat of Haman, the advisor to the Persian king, and his plot to massacre the Jewish people, 2,500 years ago, as recorded in the biblical book of Esther. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
  1. Hamantaschen — In Ashkenazi Jewish homes, it’s customary to eat these 3-cornered pastries filled with jams, chocolate, nutella or other types of filling. The triangular pastry could symbolize Haman’s 3-cornered hat. Meanwhile, Mizrahi Jews traditionally bake ma’amouls, cookies stuffed with nuts or dates.
Esther Denouncing Haman by Ernest Normand.
  1. Megillah or “Scroll” (i.e., the Book of Esther) — One of the mitzvot (commandments) of Purim is reading the Megillah, the Book of Esther, or hearing it read aloud. The Megillah is typically read from a scroll of parchment.
  1. Grogger — Don’t forget to bring your grogger to the Megillah reading — you’ll need it to make noise whenever Haman’s name is mentioned.
  1. Costume — The tradition of dressing up for Purim dates back centuries, possibly to 14th-century Italy. Wearing costumes and masks highlights the theme in the Megillah of concealing and revealing our true identities.
A man drinks alcohol as he is celebrating the Jewish holiday of Purim on February 28, 2021 in Jerusalem, Israel. (Photo by Amir Levy/Getty Images)
  1. Drinks — The Babylonian sage Rava famously said (in Megillah 7b): “A person is obligated to become intoxicated (“livasumei”) on Purim until he does not know the difference between ‘cursed is Haman’ and ‘blessed is Mordechai.’” Of course, this only applies to people above drinking age, and everyone ought to drink responsibly on Purim.
Jewish children celebrating the spring festival of Purim (Lots) at the Hebrew Institute of Far Rockaway in 1950. (Photo by Al Barry/Three Lions/Getty Images)
  1. Purim shpiel — It’s customary to put on a humorous play in costumes known as a Purim shpiel (this means “play” in Yiddish). It can be a funny dramatization of the Purim story or a playful skit on almost any topic. The Purim shpiel often pokes fun at the people or culture of the community in a lighthearted way.
  2. Mishloach manot (Purim gift baskets) — Literally, “sending of portions,” these are gifts of ready-to-eat foods and drinks that are sent to friends and neighbors. Mishloach manot typically include wine or grape juice, hamantaschen, snack foods, sweets or fruits.
  1. Matanot l’evyonim (“Gifts to people in need”) — According to the Shulchan Arukh, on Purim, everyone must give at least two gifts to two individuals in need, and the obligation can be fulfilled through any type of gift (such as money, food, drinks or clothing). This year, many people are donating to help Ukraine relief efforts.
Early 3rd century CE Roman painting of Esther and Mordechai, Dura-Europos synagogueSyria.
  1. Reflect on Purim’s deeper meanings — On the surface, judging by the costumes, drinking and funny skits, Purim might seem like a completely joyful and silly holiday, but it also has deeper messages. Here are three of them.
  2. Learn more about Purim — Check out our guide to the holiday, learn about why we give Purim gift baskets, plus read these timely thoughts about Purim and Ukraine.